Natural Area Code

Proprietary geocode system for identifying an area anywhere on the Earth

The Natural Area Code (or Universal Address) is a proprietary[1] geocode system for identifying an area anywhere on the Earth, or a volume of space anywhere around the Earth. The use of thirty alphanumeric characters instead of only ten digits makes a NAC shorter than its numerical latitude/longitude equivalent.

Two-dimensional system

Instead of numerical longitudes and latitudes, a grid with 30 rows and 30 columns - each cell denoted by the numbers 0-9 and the twenty consonants of the Latin alphabet - is laid over the flattened globe. A NAC cell (or block) can be subdivided repeatedly into smaller NAC grids to yield an arbitrarily small area, subject to the ±1 m limitations of the World Geodetic System (WGS) data of 1984.

A NAC represents an area on the earth—the longer the NAC, the smaller the area (and thereby, location) represented. A ten-character NAC can uniquely specify any building, house, or fixed object in the world. An eight-character NAC specifies an area no larger than 25 metres by 50 metres, while a ten-character NAC cell is no larger than 0.8 metres by 1.6 metres.

Using a base 30 positional numeral system, NAC uses an alternate method which excludes vowels and avoids potential confusion between "0" (zero) and "O" (capital "o"), and "1" (one) and "I" (capital "i"):

Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Base 30 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C D F G
Decimal 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Base 30 H J K L M N P Q R S T V W X Z

For example, the ten-character NAC for the centre of the city of Brussels is HBV6R RG77T.

Extension to three dimensions

The full NAC system provides a third coordinate: altitude. This coordinate is the arctangent of the altitude, relative to the Earth's radius, and scaled so that the zero point (000...) is at the centre of the Earth, the midpoint (H00...) is the local radius of the geoid, i.e. the Earth's surface, and the endpoint (ZZZ...) is at infinity.

For example, the three-dimensional NAC for the centre of Brussels, at ground level, is HBV6R RG77T H0000.

See also


  1. ^ "Legal and Licensing". Retrieved 2020-03-23.

Further reading

  • Rwerekane, Valentin; Ndashimye, Maurice (2017). "Natural Area Coding Based Postcode Scheme" (PDF). International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  • Addressing geographic objects of unique location areas (PDF). FernUniversitaet in Hagen. p. 7. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  • Kemp, Randall B. (24 October 2008). "Revising place-code schemes for humanitarian relief". Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 44 (1): 1–7.

External links

  • NAC Geographic Products
  • Use the Global Postal Code System Now
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